Hickory valley TN wife swapping

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An Almost Unbroken Silence. White County's land had reposed in an almost unbroken silence, except for Indians, while European nations played on the checkerboard of chance for it. The French and the Spanish crossed Tennessee, and as White County was a paradise for hunters, with her numerous buffalo, bear, and deer, they Hickory valley TN wife swapping have crossed our territory.

There is some evidence perhaps that they did so. Less than a mile north of Mount Gilead there is a grave of a white person. The oldest settlers were asked about it and replied that it was here when they came. The sigh of the winds, the music of the waterfall, the bellow of some huge buffalo leaving the heard, the neigh of the wild horse, the terrifying scream of the panther, or the sullen whoop of the aboriginal, or perhaps wolves yelping in the chase echoed through the timber of the hills of the Hickory valley TN wife swapping canebrakes and stretches of tall grass.

Wild nature was everywhere. Indian Trails. Indian trails by which they traveled for war, commerce, hunting trips or for social purposes, and which later became ro for the white man ran from sea to sea. Our early settlers came over these trails. It ran a little West of the present town of Sparta and on to a fortified Indian town on Cherry Creek.

There it branched, one branch going to the settlements of the Cherokees at Officer's Mounds near Algood, thence to Carthage; the other branch going to Mayland and beyond Jamestown. This trail was the first white man's road built across the Cumberlands. The Walton Road was not opened until seventeen years later. Another important trail over which white men came into the Calfkiller valley ran by Ravenscroft through Blue Spring Cove and connected with the Chickamauga Path where Yankeetown now is. Indian Remains. Besides the fortified Cherokee town on Cherry Creek in the center of which was a mound used for council located between the Morris and Wilhite places, there was also a fortified town near Ravenscroft, and another near the present site of Rock Island.

There was a village in Anderson's Cove and two mounds. The mound at Cherry Creek was opened a few years ago and be and pottery were found. There is a mound on Sink Creek which was once thirty feet high and almost one hundred feet across its circular top.

It has now been reduced by being plowed over. There is another mound six miles below Rock Island. Prehistoric Burial Grounds. There is a prehistoric burial ground near Ravenscroft, another in upper Cherry Creek, another in Blue Spring Cove, another three miles South of Sparta, another North of Doyle, another in Wild Cat Cove, another near Bickford 's Mill, another near the mound on Sink Creek which is connected to the mound by a gravel walk running from the mound to a hill. There are two mounds in Hickory Valley, one of them covering eighty acres. Early hunters or Indians camped in a cave near Bickford's Mill.

There was a stone near there which had characters or letters on it which none of the whites there understood. There is a cave on the Clarence Gillen place near the old Cumberland Institute, and another three-fourths of a mile Northeast of the old Cumberland Institute. At different periods two tribes lived in these large caves, the Cherokees lived there when the white men came. All these burying grounds are undoubtedly Cherokee.

In addition, at many places in the County there are small graves. These small graves are supposed by some to have been made by a pigmy race which inhabited this region before the coming of the Cherokees. There has been much argument among ethnologists on this point. Some of them contend that these graves are only the graves of children.

Others contend that they are the graves of a long-forgotten race. Many of the skulls found in these graves have a full set of adult teeth, which lends some color to the claim that they were pigmies. A curious thing about these graves is that they are all lined with stone and that the bodies were buried face down. In many of these graves are bowls which must have been filled with food, which indicates a belief in immortality.

Shells and other trinkets have also been found in them. These graves are usually not more than thirty inches long. Indians and Chiefs. I find few traditions of any Chief named Calfkiller. He was Chief over the Indians of this section.

There is a tradition that an early settler drove his cattle into this river and the swift water carried them away, drowning them, hence the name, Calfkiller. Practically all writers on the subject say that the river was named after an Indian Chief. It was called Holly River in Morse's geography. Further North on the mountain was a Chief named Nettle Carrier, a creek at Alpine being named after him. This must have been after Mollie B. Johnson says her grandmother Horn knew a man named Calfkiller who lived at the head of the Calfkiller valley.

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Black Fox, a Chief of the first rank, hunted in our bounds. A camp on Lost Creek is thought to have been his. There was some amalgamation of whites and Indians, their descendants now being white people. There are a dozen families which now show the Indian traits of physique. This mixture usually gave an inheritance of oratory. Wild Animals.

Some of the wild animals now extinct are buffaloes and wild horses, but in other days the Western part of the County was overrun by them. Grass about eight feet tall grew there. There are small samples of this grass now in the County. Buffaloes mixed with common cattle. I have seen descendents of these, perhaps a dozen or so.

The buffalo disappeared early. The bear were numerous, some being Hickory valley TN wife swapping the County as late as Wolves came to this county from Van Buren as late asmaking inro among the sheep and leaving half-breed descendents. Early settlers suffered much because of panther. These, too, have disappeared. But if the child were to be a girl, the attacking panther, if possible, always slew the woman. Once a large wolf was killed which when standing, came to the waist band of a six-foot man.

An old lady told me that she remembered when the wolves would come to their home, run the dogs under the house, and then fight over the bones thrown out of the window. Deer were also very numerous. Barlow Fisk in that day was recognized as the champion deer hunter in the County. One thing that attracted high grade people to locate here and in the mountain counties was the scenery.

It is often spoken of as rivaling Italy or Switzerland. From Sunset Rock one may see parts of seven counties, and from the top of this rock, one may see parts of three states. The First Settlers.

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In the latter part of the yeara bold adventurer, a veteran of the Revolution, who played the fife for three years during the struggle for freedom came from Amelia County, Virginia, to the wilds of White County as the first settler and afterwards to give his name to the County. He was in the battle of Brandywine, Germantown, and Stony Point. Circumstances as well as traditions attest that he came before the second treaty of Holston.

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This treaty, made inconfined the Indians to the plateau of the Cumberland mountains. The treaty of Tellico in removed the Indians from the mountains. This section had become known as the Indian Territory of the Wilderness, it being a strip of land about sixty miles wide which cut the white settlers of the East off from those of the West. This adventurer was John White, born March 2,died October 12, He was what is called a "squatter. This Martha never married. There were other children also. This John White cleared the first land in White County and built the first house.

This land was a seven acre tract lying between what is now the Luther Moss place and the Hickory Valley Presbyterian Church. The house was built in the autumn of with port holes which remained in the house until it was remodeled some thirty years ago. It is now owned by Luther Moss.

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While White was clearing this land, which was then a canebrake, for his first crop, his daughter, aged seventeen, took a pail and started to the sinkhole spring. When she came near the spring, two hostile Indians jumped out of a hole and gave chase.

The girl screamed and ran a race worthy of a "Bonnie Kate. White men encroached on the wilderness when their own game became scarce and there was constant trouble until the Treaty of Tellico. Pauline Weaver, born here intold of numerous conflicts between whites and Indians during his boyhood. Even after Tellico there were numerous skirmishes between whites and Indians.

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Indians were ordered removed from Tennessee inbut Buckland lingered, wintering at my grandfather's untilthe last Indian in White County. The White family by the coming of kindred became very numerous, especially in that part of the County which soon after became Warren. A few other settlers came soon after the. And after the Treaty of Tellico the country settled up rapidly. By the territory North of what is now known as Yankeetown was thickly settled. In or near the Horseshoe Bend Reuben Roberts came to a small settlement inperhaps in what is now Warren County. At Young's Mill and at Sparta settlements were made.

Perhaps one or two settlers came to the former place before there was any settlement at the latter but there were settlers in both places before At the old Emory place are two stone chimneys built before Sparta was laid out in town lots in John Templeton, a Revolutionary soldier, cut his way through the canebrakes of Moore Cove and settled on the Templeton place about He was the great, great grandfather of our popular ex-sheriff Templeton.

There was an early settlement also at or near Walling. David Goodwin settled near Duck Pond in He came from South Carolina with his wife and thirteen-year-old son, John T. David Goodwin died in

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